Documenting Maine Jewry : Jews in Skowhagen in 1910, 1920 and 1930


1910 US Federal Census Data

Data extracted by members of the Colby College Maine Jewish History Project research team (2011), directed by David M. Freidenreich


DMJ NumSurnamefirst nameHouse NumberaddressO/R Value/RentServant/BoarderrelationageAge at 1st MarrstudentPOB personPOB fatherPOB mothermother tongueYOIcitizenoccupationEmployed?sheet #districtward
 RussakoffSusman105Maple Street  head24  Russia-JewishRussia-JewishRussia-JewishEnglish1905?Proprietor-jewlery storeyes10A238 
 RussakoffMarnie105Maple Street  wife22  Russia-JewishRussia-JewishRussia-JewishEnglish1906   10A238 
 RussakoffJoseph105Maple Street  son2  MaineRussia-JewishRussia-Jewish     10A238 
 RussakoffRebecca105Maple Street  daughter6 months  MaineRussia-JewishRussia-Jewish     10A238 
 GoldbergJake S9Heselton Street  head30  Russia-HebrewRussia-HebrewRussia-HebrewEnglish1890natpeddler-junk 14A238 
 GoldbergSadie B9Heselton Street  wife29  Russia-HebrewRussia-HebrewRussia-HebrewEnglish1898   14A238 
 GoldbergAnnie9Heselton Street  daughter8  MaineRussia-HebrewRussia-Hebrew     14A238 
 GoldbergAbraham J9Heselton Street  son3  MaineRussia-HebrewRussia-Hebrew     14A238 
 GoldbergMaurice E9Heselton Street  son3  MaineRussia-HebrewRussia-Hebrew     14A238 
 GoldbergCharles9Heselton Street  son1  MaineRussia-HebrewRussia-Hebrew     14A238 
 CoyneHarry9Heselton Street  brother in law20  Russia-HebrewRussia-HebrewRussia-HebrewEnglish1902 peddler-junk 14A238

1920 US Federal Census Data

Data extracted by members of the Colby College Maine Jewish History Project research team (2011), directed by David M. Freidenreich


DMJ NumSurnamefirst nameHouse NumberaddressO/R Value/RentServant/BoarderrelationageAge at 1st MarrstudentPOB personPOB fatherPOB mothermother tongueYOIcitizenoccupationEmployed?sheet #districtward
 LipmanSamuelxCowett StreetO head42  RussiaRussiaRussiaPolish1900nodealer-junkyes7B118x
 LipmanEstaxCowett Street  wife34  RussiaRussiaRussiaPolish1900no  7B118 
 LipmanBerthaxCowett Street  daughter13 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia     7B118 
 LipmanElizabethxCowett Street  daughter12 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia     7B118 
 LipmanBarneyxCowett Street  son10 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia     7B118 
 LipmanHymanxCowett Street  son8 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia     7B118 
 LipmanFrankiexCowett Street  son5 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia     7B118 
 LipmanSidneyxCowett Street  son3  MassachusettsRussiaRussia     7B118 
 LipmanFlorence BxCowett Street  daughter4 months  MaineRussiaRussia     7B118 
 GoldbergJacob9Heselton StreetO head40  RussiaRussiaRussiaHebrew1890nat-1900junk dealer 2A118 
 GoldbergSamuel9Heselton Street  son12 yesMaineRussiaRussia     2B118 
 GoldbergEthel9Heselton Street  daughter7 yesMaineRussiaRussia     2B118 
 GoldbergTheda9Heselton Street  daughter4 3/4  yesMaineRussiaRussia     2B118 
 GoldbergAbraham9Heselton Street  son15 yesMaineRussiaRussia     2B118 
 RussakoffSusman105Mt Pleasant AvenueO head35  Chenigor? RussiaChenigor? RussiaChenigor? RussiaRussian1905nat-1912retail merchant-jewlery 16B118 
 RussakoffMarnie105Mt Pleasant Avenue  wife33  Chenigor? RussiaChenigor? RussiaChenigor? RussiaRussian nat  16B118 
 RussakoffJoseph M105Mt Pleasant Avenue  son12 yesMaineChenigor? RussiaChenigor? Russia     16B118 
 RussakoffRebecca105Mt Pleasant Avenue  daughter11 yesMaineChenigor? RussiaChenigor? Russia     16B118 
 RussakoffElizabeth G105Mt Pleasant Avenue  daughter9 yesMaineChenigor? RussiaChenigor? Russia     16B118 
 RussakoffIda S105Mt Pleasant Avenue  daughter7 yesMaineChenigor? RussiaChenigor? Russia     16B118 
 RussakoffAbraham H105Mt Pleasant Avenue  son4 2/3   MaineChenigor? RussiaChenigor? Russia     16B118 
 RussakoffSarah105Mt Pleasant Avenue  mother65  Chenigor? RussiaChenigor? RussiaChenigor? RussiaRussian1910?  16B118

1930 US Federal Census Data

Data extracted by members of the Colby College Maine Jewish History Project research team (2011), directed by David M. Freidenreich


DMJ NumSurnamefirst nameHouse NumberaddressO/R Value/RentServant/BoarderrelationageAge at 1st MarrstudentPOB personPOB fatherPOB mothermother tongueYOIcitizenoccupationEmployed?sheet #districtward
 LipmanSamuel32Cowett StreetO-2,700 head5530 RussiaRussiaRussiaYiddish1900noJunk Dealeryes25B13-78 
 LipmanEster N32Cowett Street  wife4818 RussiaRussiaRussiaYiddish1900no  25B13-78 
 LipmanBarney H32Cowett Street  son20 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia     25B13-78 
 LipmanHarold32Cowett Street  son19 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia   Junk Dealeryes25B13-78 
 LipmanFrank J32Cowett Street  son15 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia   News boy-daily paperyes25B13-78 
 LipmanSidney C32Cowett Street  son13 yesMassachusettsRussiaRussia   News boy-daily paperyes25B13-78 
 LipmanBeueby F32Cowett Street  daughter10 yesMaineRussiaRussia      13-78 
 GoldbergJacob S40Marlton Street ?0-1,500 head5021 RussiaRussiaRussiaHebrew1890yesjunk dealeryes5B13-78 
 GoldbergCelia40Marlton Street ?  wife3828 PolandPolandPolandHebrew1914yes  5B13-78 
 GoldbergLeo40Marlton Street ?  son9 yesMaineRussiaPoland     5B13-78 
 GoldbergBeatrice G40Marlton Street ?  daughter6 yesMassachusettsRussiaPoland     5B13-78

Methodological note :

This data was culled from the original U.S. census manuscripts, as found on www.ancestry.com. Jews are understood to constitute an ethnic group of Eastern and Central European origin characterized by common names and occupational pursuits, as well as a distinctive language. This definition lends itself well to analysis of the data preserved in census records.

Two primary methods were used to identify Jews:

1. Individuals born abroad whose mother tongue is "Yiddish," "Jewish," or "Hebrew" were automatically included in the spreadsheet, as were all members of their families.

2. For individuals born abroad whose mother tongue was another Eastern or Central European language (e.g., Russian, Polish, German), or individuals born in the U.S. with one or more parents from Eastern or Central Europe, we examined surnames, given names within a household, and occupations in light of common Jewish characteristics. This method of analysis is, of course, subject to inaccuracy, as we may have excluded Jews with uncommon names or occupations or included non-Jews whose characteristics appear Jewish. Individuals listed with the annotation "nj?" in the far right-hand column are those whose Jewish ancestry is plausible but questionable.

This method of analysis easily misses Jewish households whose members' parents were all born in the United States. In 1930 Maine, however, such households were quite rare. Special efforts were made to identify households of this nature in Portland, where they constituted less than 1% of identified Jewish households.

All members of a household containing a Jew are included in the spreadsheet, with the exception of Jewish lodgers and servants, who are listed individually. Household members who are evidently not Jewish (such as non-Jewish servants and some spouses or in-laws) are listed with the annotation "nj."

Last Updated : Nov 30, 2011